【小創夢家】 芬蘭教育10個成功的理由

【小創夢家】 芬蘭教育10個成功的理由

芬蘭教育近年幾乎成了優質教育的代名詞,在講求多元教育的前堤下,芬蘭教育培育出小孩會主動想、主動問、主動找答案,即使沒有填鴨式的「餵食」知識,芬蘭小孩也能在經合組織(OECD)每三年舉辦15歲學生能力評估測驗「國際學生評量計劃」(PISA)中名列前茅。我們綜合了10個理由,話你知芬蘭教育到底好在哪裡!

撰文:Angela

相片:Instagram

1. 7歲前不用上學

一句「贏在起跑線」,令香港小朋友讀幼稚園的也要學上十八般武藝;但芬蘭人認為遊戲是孩子的天職,所以芬蘭的小孩在7歲前不用上常規學校學習,而政府更會為未滿7歲的小孩提供免費的學前教育,讓他們學習與同齡小朋友交流。

A trip to Finland would not be complete without visiting a local preschool. In recent years, there has been intense worldwide interest in the Finnish education system, with their students consistently demonstrating top notch academic performance. We, too, were curious and jumped at the chance to find out for ourselves. Early years schooling starts at age six in Finnish preschool, which only became mandatory for all children in 2015. And although this first step in the educational system prepares the child for the upcoming first year at school (at age seven), the emphasis is not on maths, reading or writing, but on creative play. We learned that great care is taken to plan what kind of play takes place – there is a mix of “free play” and teacher-directed play. Moreover, preschool teachers assess just how children play as well. With insight into this Nordic country’s recipe for educational success, we hope to offer more fun and playful learning opportunities for the #littleartists of Warung Seni. Children gain so much from what seems like simple play and other forms of creative expression. They don’t even realize that they are actually learning during the process because they’re just so interested. As the old Finnish saying goes, “Those things you learn without joy you will easily forget.” Feeling inspired after this journey up north… and now, back to work! #finnisheducation #play #letkidsbekids #letchildrenbechildren #finnish #finland #travellingartstudio #warungsenivisitsfinland #art #kidsart #childrenart #backtowork

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2. 小息時間多又長

芬蘭教育規定小孩在8歲前每天只上4小時課,8歲後會增加至6小時,但每周不會多過30小時課。另外,為了令小孩大腦有得休息,也規定每45分鐘課堂後,學生一定要有15分鐘小息。

3. 功課最多做30分鐘

香港小孩放學後,會有十多樣功課等著要做,芬蘭小孩卻幸運地功課不多,平日功課量最多只需30分鐘左右做完,假日時,老師更不會派發功課,因為老師們認為學生放學回家不應花時間做功課,而是花時間陪家人。

4. 9年費用政府全包

香港家長為了追求學位,不惜孟母三遷,但在芬蘭,大部分學校為公立學校,家長毋須找尋某一間名校入讀,或爭學位,只需選擇最近居住的學校便可。雖然是公立學校,但政府投放資源很多資源,學生7歲入學,政府會提供9年免費教育,當中除了學費,連書簿費、交通費等費用全由政府津貼。

Finnish schools 👌 One of the biggest takeaways from observing a variety of schools is the important and prevalence of art. The buildings are FILLED with art of all varieties. Starting from primary school, students take classes in textiles and woodworking. Students have a lot more freedoms and choice while teachers have autonomy over their lessons and curriculum. The schools are gorgeous, even in “poorer” areas. Students serve lunch for themselves and clean up after themselves. There are no lunch monitors. Students are given many breaks during the day (see the mitten/glove dryer 😳❤️) for outdoor play. Coding, robotics, and gaming are incorporated into classes from the beginning. Is this doable in the US? No. We are too culturally different and do not have the social services in place. Can we adapt some of the things they do into our classrooms? Yes. Do they do everything “right”? No. As an inclusion teacher, I was surprised to not see more collaboration between special ed and gen ed students. Overall, it was an incredible experience to get to see different schools and speak to Finnish teachers, and especially Finnish students who are such well-rounded individuals. PS they also wear no shoes 😳😳😳

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5. 16歲前毋須考試

芬蘭學校所做的正正是求學不是求分數,小學階段基本上沒有正式的考試,學生只係只為追求學問而努力。直至16歲時才需要考一個公開試,之後選擇分流升讀傳統文化中學或職業學校。

6. 學生靠評核看進度

芬蘭學校沒有香港的大大小小考試,但不要以為老師沒有辦法掌握學生的學習狀況,事實上,老師會時時刻刻為學生作出評核,但不是成績表的數字,而是個人學習進度,指出學生的強弱之處,讓學生及家長清楚知道如何改善。

8. 學生上課夠自由

在芬蘭的課室,學生不一定要坐定定在書桌前聽書,他們的可以選擇坐在地板、長椅上聽課。如果天氣好,老師更可帶學生在附近的草地上堂。

9. 公平受教不標榜精英

當很多國家施行精英教育時,芬蘭卻反其道而行,絕不標榜精英,堅持每一個小孩公平受教。學校並沒有最強和最差學生,只有平均,老師寧可讓學得快的人等,也不能讓不會的人繼續不會,當學生出現學習困難,老師會提出補助計劃,如課後進行輔導等,這類額外費用政府也會承擔。

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